True story of why it was so difficult to choose my first 3D resin

SLA resin comparison
 Updated on January 29, 2018

Several years ago when I was making my first DLP 3D printer, I was faced with the major question: what 3D resin should I pour into my resin tray? I was completely new and had almost no knowledge about 3D resins. It was really hard to find accurate information online. That is why now I would like to share my experience on how to choose SLA 3D printing materials and what factors should one consider when buying one with you.


When I started to search for my own 3D printing resin, these consumables brought a lot of uncertainty to me. Each manufacturer produces somewhat different formulations with variable contents of light blockers, catalysts and other components. To avoid confusion and mistakes materials are adapted to different groups of 3D printers or even to distinct devices. This is because resin 3D printers are extremely different from 3D resins point of view as each typically possesses significantly different light source, whose characteristics are critical for 3D resin formulation. Generally speaking the following light sources are used in resin 3D printers:

LCD LED Printer

Video Proector

Laser

LCD displays with LEDs

DLP beam/UV projectors

Laser-based systems

 

All the above possess three main technical differences:

3D printing XY resolution

 3D printing light power

3D printing wavelength

XY printing resolution (µm).

Light power (mW/cm2).

Wavelength (nanometers) of the emitted light.

 

So let’s review each difference one by one so that you could understand how each one could help you when selecting 3D resin.

XY and Z resolutions

Resin 3D printers can have fixed or variable XYZ printing resolutions. DLP 3D printers typically have fixed or adjustable XY resolution whereas 3D printers based on LCD/LED or lasers usually have fixed one. It is worth mentioning that XY resolution means the size of individual pixel in X and Y axis for LCD/LED and DLP systems, whereas for laser systems that is laser spot diameter. On most machines Z resolution or layer height can be quite easily adjusted and can start from practical thickness of 25 um and reach 100 um or even more.

XY and Z resolutions can affect 3D printing materials you use. The key point here is pigment or dye concentration in the selected material. For instance, if you own 3D printer with high XY resolution (35‑40 um and less) and prefer to print with layers of 50 um and less, 3D resins with low concentration of such light blockers will result in severe light bleeding or light scattering. These phenomena reduce details of your prints as light penetrates material too deeply or deviates from intended straight trajectory. On the other hand, if you have lower XY resolution printer and aim for fast printing with thicker layers, i.e. around 75‑100 um, lower levels of dyes and pigments are preferred.

To fully exploit your XY and Z resolutions you must use material with proper pigment or dye concentration and make sure that it is tested in similar conditions. An example of this could be our AMD-6, which is designed for high-resolution modelling applications with DLP 3D printers only.

Light wavelength

Light wavelength differs quite a bit among resin 3D printers.

The shorter the wavelength, the more energy photons carry. Developers of 3D resins choose appropriate catalysts that initiate transition from liquid to solid based on wavelength of targeted light sources. Thus, if you take one material that works very well with 395 nm light and use it with 405 nm wavelength, you simply cannot expect identical performance between these two. Actually, you will probably end up with longer exposures or your 3D resin will not work at all. Consequently, when choosing 3D ink you must make sure that it is compatible with the wavelength of light source of your 3D printer.

Power of light

Due to different light sources of resin 3D printers, power of emitted light differs as well.

Each type of light source requires different 3D resin. Laser based SLA systems are most powerful so 3D printing materials for such systems are also less reactive to compensate that. DLP systems are in the middle, but for efficient printing 3D resins are also applied to this power range. The least powerful LCD/LED systems require 3D resins to be reactive and fast in low-power conditions, thus, resins for LCD/LED systems are typically named after “rapid” or “fast”. An example of this could be our AMD-3.

It’s not recommended to use 3D resins that are designed for a specific light source and power with other types of light sources. For example, if you take fast material and use it with high-powered light sources (for example, lasers), one might really struggle to control the process, damage resin tray, calibrate proper exposure times or even get system working. Nonetheless, there are 3D resins on the market that due to balanced reactivity might perform quite well with DLP and LCD/LED systems. All in all, you must be aware of the type of 3D printer and light power that your selected 3D ink is designed for.

Is there anything else?

To conclude, although, there are quite a few things to consider when choosing your 3D printing material, you can vastly decrease uncertainty by considering points that I have mentioned above. Just by assessing these you will be able to select correct material for your needs. Finally, do not forget that your application dictates the type of the material as well as its properties. Also consider what you are going to print before choosing your 3D ink.

If you are still not sure what 3D printing resin is for you, do not hesitate to drop us an email to support@ameralabs.com and we will get back to you in 12 hours or less.

3D Resins

Try before you buy

To make your selection easier, AmeraLabs provides you with unprecedented sample opportunity. Take a sample of our material and, if it does not work as expected, we will issue a full refund excluding original shipping costs and what’s more – you will not have to send the sample back!

For LCD/LED 3D printers, check out our AMD-3 resin.

For DLP 3D printers, check out our AMD-6 and IPR-12 resins.

What was your experience when you did your first search for 3D resins?